Journal of Korea Society of Waste Management

Enacted Jan. 2020


Asia Pacific Journal of Applied Sport Sciences(APJASS) is the official peer-reviewed research journal of the Asian Society for Sport Convergence Sciences(ASCS). APJASS is a scientific journal that seeks to promote the development and dissemination of knowledge that is directly relevant to all spheres of sport sciences practice, policy, and professional issues. It is published three times a year (April, August, December).


The policies on the research and publication ethics of APJASS follow the guidelines set by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, with respect to settlement of any misconduct.

Research Ethics

All manuscripts should be prepared in strict observation of research and publication ethics guidelines recommended by the Council of Science Editors (CSE, Any study involving human subjects or human data must be reviewed and approved by a responsible institutional review board (IRB). Please refer to the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki ( for all investigations involving human subjects and materials. Experiments involving animals should be reviewed by an appropriate committee for the care and use of animals. The authors must be able to state that the research involving humans or animals has been approved by a responsible IRB and conducted in accordance with accepted national and international standards.


Authorship is restricted only to direct participants who have contributed significantly to the work. Researchers should adhere to the authorship criteria, which state that “authorship credit should be based on all of the following: 1) substantial contributions to conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; 2) drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) final approval of the version to be published; and 4) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are investigated and resolved appropriately.” All other contributors should be listed in the acknowledgments section. These authorship criteria are intended to reserve the status of authorship for those who deserve credit and can take responsibility for the work.

Any addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript is accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request any changes, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation(e-mail correspondence) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal, or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, confirmation from the author being added or removed must also be included.

Conflict of Interest

The corresponding author of an article is asked to inform the Editor of the authors' potential conflicts of interest possibly influencing their interpretation of data. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. A potential conflict of interest should be disclosed in the manuscript even when the authors are confident that their judgments have not been influenced in preparing the manuscript.

Submission Declaration

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder.


1. General guidelines

  • Manuscripts are accepted in English and must adhere to APA 7th guidelines. Any consistent spelling and punctuation styles may be used. Manuscripts written in English should be submitted with a certificate of English editing.
  • Please ensure that direct quotations used in the main text adhere to APA 7th style guidelines. This recommends that all quotations of fewer than 40 words should be integrated into the main text with the use of double quotation marks. However, quotations of 40 words of more should stand on a separate line, indented and without the use of quotation marks.
  • Please use double spacing throughout the manuscript including the abstract, main text and the end reference list.
  • Manuscripts will not exceed 6000 words (excluding title page, abstract, references, tables, figures, and any supplemental digital content). Authors should include a word count with their manuscript.
  • Manuscripts should be compiled in the following order: title page; abstract; keywords; main text; acknowledgements; references; appendices (as appropriate); table(s) with caption(s) (on individual pages); figure caption(s) (as a list).
  • Title page 2 include: (1) title of the article; (2) running head; (3) author names with affiliations (department, location and ORCID); (4) corresponding author's name and complete address, including email, phone, ORCID and Fax numbers; and (5) any acknowledgments, credits, or disclaimers, including funding sources and conflicts of interest. (To register ORCID, visit
  • Abstracts (250 words limit) should be structured in the following way including these headings:

Research question: Mention the main point of research and what your research tries to contribute. The research question should fill a research gap.

Research methods: Give some sentences on the methods used, the sample size and region your sample stems from.

Results and Findings: Mention the main findings, results, models you contribute to the literature and practice.

Implications: What your research contributes to the practice and/or theory.

  • Each manuscript should have to 5 keywords.
  • Section headings should be concise.
  • All authors of a manuscript should include their full name and affiliation on the cover page of the manuscript. One author should be identified as the corresponding author. Please give the affiliation where the research was conducted. If any of the named co-authors moves affiliation during the peer review process, the new affiliation can be given as a footnote. Please note that no changes to affiliation can be made after the manuscript is accepted. Please note that the email address of the corresponding author will normally be displayed in the article PDF (depending on the journal style) and the online article.
  • All persons who have a reasonable claim to authorship must be named in the manuscript as co-authors; the corresponding author must be authorized by all co-authors to act as an agent on their behalf in all matters pertaining to publication of the manuscript, and the order of names should be agreed by all authors.
  • Biographical notes on contributors are not required for this journal.
  • Please supply all details required by any funding and grant-awarding bodies as an Acknowledgement on the title page of the manuscript, in a separate paragraph, as follows:
    • o For single agency grants: "This work was supported by the [Funding Agency] under Grant [number xxxx]."
    • o For multiple agency grants: "This work was supported by the [Funding Agency 1] under Grant [number xxxx]; [Funding Agency 2] under Grant [number xxxx]; and [Funding Agency 3] under Grant [number xxxx]."
  • The text of articles is usually divided into sections with the headings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion(s). Articles may need subheadings within certain sections to clarify their content.

Introduction: Clearly state the need for this study and the main question or hypothesis of the study. Summarize the literature review or background in the area of the study

Methods: Describe the study design, setting and samples, ethical considerations, measurements/instruments, data collection/procedure, and data analysis used. If it is qualitative research, instrument can be omitted. In the section of ethical considerations, author should describe that this study protocol was approved by the institutional review board (IRB No. ##-##-###). Informed consent was confirmed (or waived) by the IRB.

Results: Describe the main results in a concise paragraph. This section should be the most descriptive.

Discussion: Discussion should be based only on the reported results. Discussion for advances in sport sciences’ practice, knowledge development, and implication is strongly recommended.

Conclusions: State the conclusions and recommendations for further study. Do not summarize the study results

Conflicts of Interest: Authors must disclose any financial or personal relationships with other individuals or organizations that could influence their work.

  • Authors must also incorporate a Disclosure Statement which will acknowledge any financial interest or benefit they have arising from the direct applications of their research.
  • For all manuscripts non-discriminatory language is mandatory. Sexist or racist terms must not be used.
  • When using a word which is or is asserted to be a proprietary term or trade mark, authors must use the symbol ® or TM.
  • All authors of a manuscript that makes use of third-party data that is not publicly available should provide evidence of their permission to use this data. This should confirm that the subjects in the dataset have given permission for their data to be used in this way. Please upload this evidence of permission as a supplementary file as part of the submission process.
  • If your paper involves human subjects you should include at the end of your paper a statement on ethics approval and consent giving any reference number, if appropriate, from the review board.

2. Style guidelines

3. Tables/Figures

  • Tables/Figures should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Tables/Figures should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. Each table and figure should be placed on a separate page and in English. There should be no more than five tables and figures in total.
  • The title of the table shall be placed on top of the table and the first letters of important words shall be capitalized (e.g., Table 1. Overall Responses to Question Types). The title of the figure shall be placed below the figure with the first letter capitalized (e.g., Figure 1. Scatter plot for study variables between cancer survivors and their spouses.). When there are two or more figures for the same number, alphabets shall be placed after the Arabic number. (e.g., Figure 1-A, Figure 1-B).
  • Always, define abbreviations in a legend at the bottom of a table/figure, even if they have already been defined in the text. List abbreviations in alphabetical order; do not include the word “and” before the last abbreviation (e.g., HR, heart rate; T, temperature).
  • All units of measurements and concentrations should be designated.
  • When reporting decimal numbers, the significance level shall be rounded off to three decimal places; means, standard deviations, and a test statistic, to two decimal places; and percentages, to one decimal place (e.g., p=.002, 23.98±3.47,45.7%). Only if the number (such as a test statistic) can be more than 1, 0 shall be placed in front of the decimal point(e.g. t=0.26, F=0.92, r=.14, R2=.61).
  • When reporting p-values, which refer to significance probability, footnotes shall not be used but the actual p-values shall be provided. If a p-value is .000 and 1.000, it shall be indicated as p< .001 and p< .999, respectively. If p-values have to be reported using footnotes, *, ** shall be used (e.g. *p< .05, **p< .01).

4. Appendices

Authors should submit an appendix to show the developed final measurement in the instrument development study and list of reviewed articles in systematic review or meta-analysis research.

5. Supplementary material

Supplementary material can support and enhance your scientific research. Supplementary files offer the author additional possibilities to publish supporting applications, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips and more. Please note that such items are published online exactly as they are submitted; there is no typesetting involved (supplementary data supplied as an Excel file or as a PowerPoint slide will appear as such online). Please submit the material together with the article and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file. If you wish to make any changes to supplementary data during any stage of the process, then please make sure to provide an updated file, and do not annotate any corrections on a previous version. Please also make sure to switch off the ‘Track Changes’ option in any Microsoft Office files as these will appear in the published supplementary file(s).

6. Abbreviations

Except for units of measurement, abbreviations are discouraged. Do not use abbreviations in the title or abstract and limit their use in the text. Expand all abbreviations at first mention in the text.

7. Permissions

Authors should get permission to use measurements for their studies from the copyright owners. Permission to reproduce previously published material must be obtained in writing from the copyright holder (usually the publisher) and acknowledged in the manuscript.

8. Names of drugs, devices, and other products

Generic names should be used. When proprietary brands are used in research, include the name of brand and the manufacturer, city (state), and nationality in parentheses after the first mention of the generic name in the Methods section.


Review Process

Manuscripts will undergo a double blind peer review by two reviewers and the Editor. The Editorial Board reserves the right to refuse any material for publication. Authors will receive the reviewer’s comments. If the manuscript is subjected to publish, the author will be asked to respond the reviewer's comment within 2 weeks.

Submission of Revised Manuscript

When you prepare a revised version of your manuscript, you should carefully follow the instructions given in the editor's letter. Please submit both a clean copy of your manuscript and an annotated copy describing the changes you have made. Failure to do so will cause a delay in the review of your revision. If references, tables, or figures are moved, added, or deleted during the revision process, renumber them to reflect such changes so that all tables, references and figures are cited in numeric order. The annotated copy should have changes highlighted (either by using the Track Changes function in MS Word or by highlighting or underlining the text) with notes in the text referring to the editor or reviewer query.


Galley Proof

APJASS provides the corresponding author with galley proofs for their correction. Corresponding authors will receive electronic page proofs to check the copy edited and type set article before publication. Corrections should be kept to minimum. The Editor retains the prerogative to question minor stylistic alterations and major alterations that might affect the scientific content of the paper. Any fault found after the publication is the responsibility of the authors. We urge our authors to proofread their accepted manuscripts carefully. The corresponding author may be contacted by the Editorial Office, depending on the nature of correction in proof.

Copyright Transfer Agreement

The author(s) hopes that this article will be published in APJASS and agrees to the following.

  • 1.The author(s) confirms that this article is creative and does not infringe copyrights of other papers.
  • 2.The author(s) made a practical and intellectual contribution to this article and are responsible for the content of the article.
  • 3This article has not been published in the past, and is currently submitted for publication or planned for publication in another journal.
  • 4.Publishers of this journal have the right to dispute copyright infringement made by others without the permission of the author(s) or publisher of this journal.
  • 5.When this article is published on APJASS, author(s) transfer all rights, interests, copyrights and digital rights under this article to ASCS.

Gender Innovation Policy

anuscripts published in APJASS must faithfully follow the guidelines recommended by the gender innovation policy ( For all research papers targeting humans, it is recommended to properly describe sex and gender in the gender description, and to conduct comparative analysis of the results by including men and women in the research subjects. In the case of a single-sex study, it is recommended to present scientifically justified evidence.

Manuscript Submission

  • 1.All authors submitting papers to this journal must register as a member.
  • 2.The paper review and publication fee of this journal is free.
  • 3In the case of a master's or doctoral thesis, it must be clearly stated that it is a thesis, and the first author of the thesis must be a degree recipient. In the case of a thesis (master's, doctoral), only one advisor is allowed as a co-author or corresponding author in addition to the degree recipient.
  • 4.Authors should submit a “disclosure statement”, “funding”, and “ORCID” in the cover of the paper.
    *Disclosure Statement: The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
    *Funding: The authors received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
  • 5.Manuscripts that do not conform to these submission rules will not be accepted.
  • 6.Authors should carefully read and check “Paper Submission and Editing Regulations”, “Regulations for Writing the Paper”, “Research Ethics and Anti-Plagiarism Regulations” before submitting manuscripts.
  • 7.Manuscripts should be submitted through the website.
    • 1)Authors must access (ASCS website) and submit a manuscript. When submitting a manuscript, authors have to check the checklist before submission.
    • 2)When submitting a manuscript, the form for the copyright transfer agreement, pledge of research ethic regulations and submission form must be submitted along with the text on the ASCS website.
      Please download this form below.
      APJASS Submission Form.doc
    • 3)When the editor-in-chief sends the review results and review comments to the author, the author must upload the revised manuscript and revision report together on the ASCS website within the specified period. However, authors of papers that have been rejected for publication are not eligible.
      Please download this form below.
      APJASS Revision Report.doc
    • 4)For more information, please visit the ASCS or APJASS website and refer to ‘Guidelines for the submission manual’. If you have any questions about using the system, please contact ASCS e-mail (